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Miyerkules, Pebrero 16, 2011

The Municipality of Don Victoriano Chiongbian

Don Victoriano Chiongbian (Formerly Don Mariano, May 21,1982 )  is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 9,319 people in 1,815 households.It’s located in the southwestern part of Misamis Occidental with approximately 53,000 land hectares.

Distinct dry season from the month of February to April and wet throughout the remaining months. The rainfall pattern is slightly bimodal with the months of August and September somewhat dryer while the months of June to July and October to November exhibit relatively high rainfall, peaking in the later period and declining significantly in December. Average temperatures ranges from 22-25 degrees Celsius, and average relative humidity are 82 degrees Celsius.

Income and Products

The major agricultural activity of the province of Misamis Occidental is the coconut industry- based as the majority of its land use is reserved for coconut production. Most Commercial activities are centered on a spring of municipal towns located around the coastal fringes, where business establishments are concentrated.
Most of the inhabitants of Don Victoriano earn their livelihood from crop production, though a major undeclared source of livelihood is small-scale illegal logging. The main crops planted by the farmers are corn (100%), rice (55%) and coconut (27%). The total area annually planted to crops includes 1.0 hectare of corn, 0.5 hectares of coconut, and other include coffee.
Most farmers claim about one hectare is also planted with fruit trees though this usually refers to old established kaingin, Although crops yield are generally low 50-90 and of harvest are sold. Most farmers also raised livestock including carabaos, swine, goats and a dozen chickens.

Early Settlers
Most families are Subanon while migrants are mostly of Boholano Origin and have resided in the area since.

Socio-Economic Conditions
The average farmer is about 40 years old and most own their dwellings. About 45% are owner cultivators, 28% are claimants, 18% are share tenants and 9% are pseudo tenants. Sixty-four percent (64%) of the settlers are full-time farmers while 18% work part time on their farms. About 20% of wives work part time or assist their husbands on the farm.

Most children also help in the farm work. The municipality has the second highest rate of severely underweight pre-school children in Misamis Occidental. Municipality of Concepcion ranks first throughout the province.
Due to distance, poor roads and the rugged terrain not normally being passable by vehicular transport to the nearest school, very few children have the chance to finish high school, aggravating high incidence of poverty. Majority of the Subanens (55%) are illiterates. Two thirds (64%) of the settlers have had the opportunity for schooling only to elementary grade. About 10% are high school graduates and a few have earned college degrees.

Six elementary schools, aside from schools, support the educational needs of the municipality of Don Victoriano but three of this lie outside the municipality in the adjoining provinces. There are only (3) three schools in Don Victoriano municipality at Barangays Lalud, Napangan and Nueva Vista. All are elementary only.


Don Victoriano Chiongbian is politically subdivided into 11 barangays

  • Bagong Clarin
  • Gandawan
  • Lake Duminagat
  • Lalud
  • Lampasan
  • Liboron
  • Maramara
  • Napangan
  • Nueva Vista (Masawan)
  • Petianan
  • Tuno
These former barangays were extracted horn their mother municipality listed hereunder and enumerated as follows, to wit:
          I. Municipality of Tudela
                    a. Barangay Lampasan                    

                    b. Barangay Lalud
                    c. Tuno

          II. Municipality of Jimenez
                    a. Barangay Liboron
                    b. Barangay Lake Duminagat
                    c. Barangay Gandawan
                    d. Barangay Mansawan (Nueva Vista)

          III. Municipality of Sinacaban
                    a. Barangay Napangan

          IV. Municipality of Clarin
                    a. Barangay Bag-ong Clarin

          V. Municipality of Bonifacio
                    a. Barangay Petianan
                    b. Barangay Maramara

            VI. Municipality of Panaon (Portion)
                    a. Sitio Sinampongan
                    b. Sitio San Juan

Bounded on the North by the Municipality of Concepcion and the City of Oroquieta; on the South by the Municipality of Bonifacio; on the East by the Municipalities of Sinacaban, Clarin, Tudela and Jimenez; on the We& by the Province of Zamboanga del Sur (Municipality 6f Josefina).

Curtain Falls, Piduan Don Victoriano

Curtain Falls, Piduan Don Victoriano

Lake Duminagat at Brgy. Lake Don Victoriano

Misamis Occidental

Misamis Occidental is one of the seven (7) provinces of Northern Mindanao. It is bounded on the northeast by the Mindanao Sea, east by the Iligan Bay, southeast by the Panguil Bay, and the west by the province of Zamboanga del Norte and Sur.

The province has a total land area of one thousand nine hundred thirty-nine hundred thirty-nine and three tenths (1,939.3) square kilometers representing 0.63 percent of the total land area of the Philippines. The municipality of Don Victoriano has the biggest land area equivalent to 16.22 percent of the total of the province while the municipality of Panaon share the smallest area of only 40.28 square kilometers.
The province is a vast tract of agricultural land with a rugged interior whose terrain rises gently towards the hilly and rolling lands westward of Mount Malindang and Mount Ampiro.
The province is composed of fourteen (14) municipalities and three (3) cities with four hundred ninety (490) barangays. The three cities are Ozamiz, Tangub and Oroquieta. The latter is the provincial capital.


Wood is the major forest product. Predominant species are the lauan group, apitong, tanguige yakal, and Philippine Mahogany. There is also an abundant supply of bamboo, rattan and various vines.
Forest land in the province has an area of 66,002.46 hectares; 53,262 hectares of which are considered a national park (which has legal implications).

The province has a considerable deposit of clay especially in the municipalities of Lopez-Jaena and Concepcion.

There is also an abundant source of sand and gravel.

The province is traditionally a net exporter of various commodities. Historical data from the Ozamiz Port District of the Bureau of Customs show that outgoing commodities, which is mainly of coconut products, far outweigh incoming cargoes.

According to the records of the city/municipal treasurer's office in Misamis Occidental, there were about four thousand nine hundred fifty-three (4,953) registered business establishments operating in the province as of March 1989, not counting 3 Municipalities (Baliangao, Concepcion, Don Victoriano) where such data cannot be obtained (from 1989 Survey on Business Establishments).

The most number of registered firms (1,561 or 32% of the total) are located in Ozamiz City, the hub of commercial activities in the province. Oroquieta City, the capital of the province, follows close behind, accounting for twenty-two percent (22%) of the total. On the other hand, the least number of registered firm are in Tudela (70) and Panaon (83).

Eighty one (81%) of these registered firms are on the trading business, 10% in the servicing while the manufacturing sector constitute only about 7% of the total. There are only 14 agri-business firms registered. Double sectoral classification accounts for the remaining balance of the total. (from: 1989 Survey on Business Establishments).

Being a coco-based province, major manufacturing firms in Misamis Occidental are engaged in the production of crude coconut oil, cooking oil, lard, margarine, laundry soap and desiccated coconut. Other products are furniture, ceramics gifts toys and housewares, processed food like banana chips and marine products.

Locally fabricated agri-industrial machines and equipments are also available in the province.

The People

According to the National Statistics Office, the province of Misamis Occidental has four hundred twenty four thousand three hundred sixty-five (424,365) inhabitants as of May 1, 1990. Population density is two hundred nineteen (219) persons per square kilometer and total number of households is eighty thousand one hundred eighty-six (80,186).

Preliminary results of the October 1991 survey show that Misamis Occidental has an estimated household population of 297,000 persons whose ages ranged from 15 years old and above. Sixty two (62) percent of 183,000 persons are in the labor force with males outnumbering females by 52 percent. The provincial labor force is dominated by those employed in the agricultural sector with 104,000 persons, majority of whom are agricultural workers.

Social Amenities

The Division of Misamis Occidental of the Department of Education, Culture & Sports has 4 pre-schools, 316 public elementary schools, 4 private elementary schools, 19 public secondary schools including the 12 barangay high schools, 21 private secondary schools, 4 public post-secondary schools, 1 private vocational school and 7 private tertiary schools.

The Division of Ozamiz City has also the following schools: 6 pre-schools, 43 public elementary schools, 5 private elementary schools, 5 public post-secondary schools, 2 private vocational schools and 5 private tertiary schools.

These tertiary schools offer courses in graduate studies, law, education, engineering, agriculture, nursing, business administration and other degree courses.

There are at present the following hospitals serving the whole province. 

Government hospitals:

Tertiary hospitals with 100 bed capacity:
- Mayor Hilarion Ramiro Sr. Hospital, <膔Ţ>Ozamiz City
- Misamis Occidental Prov'l Hospital, <膔Ţ>Oroquieta City

Secondary hospitals with 50 bed capacity:
- Calamba District Hospital, Calamba, Mis. Occ.
- Doña Maria Tan Memorial Hospital, <膔Ţ>Tangub City
Primary hospitals with 10-15 bed capacity:
- <膔Ţ>Tudela Municipal Hospital
- <膔Ţ>Jimenez Community Hospital

Private hospitals:

Ozamiz City:
- Faith Hospital (secondary)
- Family General Hospital & Maternity (secondary)
- Medina General Hospital (tertiary)
- Misamis Community Hospital Inc. (primary)
- St. Mary General Hospital (primary)
- St. Paul Medical Clinic (primary)
- Ozamiz Doctors' Hospital (secondary)

Tangub City:
- Aruelo General Hospital (primary)
- Saint Vincent Clinic (primary)
- Villamor Clinic (primary)

Oroquieta City:
- Dignum Foundation Hospital Inc. (secondary)
- Guirnela Clinic (primary)
- St. Therese Hospital (secondary)
- Oroquieta Community Hospital (primary)
- Holy Family Clinic (primary)

- R & L Medical Clinic and Pharmacy (primary)
- Claire Medical Clinic (primary)

- Bonifacio Medical Clinic (primary)
- Clinica Ozarraga (primary)

- Revelo Medical Clinic (primary)

- Drazen Medical Clinic (primary)

- Immaculate Concepcion Hospital (primary)
- TanHo Memorial Clinic (primary)
- Lumasag Medical Clinic (primary)
- Panganiban Clinic (primary)

- Dr. B.D. Yap Clinic (primary)
- St. Martin de Porres General Hospital (primary)

- Lopez-Jaena Community Hospital (primary)

- Uy Medical Clinic (primary)

There are also 22 health centers composing the rural health units and 86 barangay health stations through out the province.


A secondary airport is at Labo, Ozamiz City. It is no longerl used commercially being too small for the modern planes.

There are six modest seaports in the province. These are in the cities of Oroquieta, Ozamiz and Tangub and in the municipalities of Jimenez and Plaridel.

The Ozamiz seaport has been serving cargo and passenger vessels plying the following routes: Ozamiz-Cebu, Iligan-Ozamiz-Cebu, Ozamiz-Kolambogan, Ozamiz-Tubod, Ozamiz-Manila and Cagayan-Ozamiz. It also accommodates ocean going vessels carrying the province's exports like cassava chips.  Two barge companies operate at the seaport to transport land vehicles from Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte to Ozamiz City and vice versa.

Tangub port is mainly servicing ferry between the city and Tubod, Lanao del Norte by barge.
Jimenez has two ports, one is privately owned by the Jimenez Oil Mill Inc. which serves both foreign vessels getting its products and inter-island vessels delivering copra, its main raw materials. The other port is government owned and presently serving inter-island vessels both delivering copra in JOMI and petroleum products for the two depots, Filipinas Sheel and Caltex Philippines.

Plaridel Port is serving vessel to and from Siquijor and Bohol while Oroquieta City port is non-functional.
Fishing vessels are also accomodated in fishport located in almost all coastal municipalities.

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